英語③日本の流通政策とまちづくり

The Large-scale Retail Store Law (1)_____in 1973 to regulate openings of large-scale retail stores. In the law, large-scale retail stores referred to retail stores such as supermarkets (2)_____ had the total store floor area of 500 square meters or more. Supermarkets became popular as leading distributors in the era of mass production and mass consumption from 1960s to early 1970s. The law was established to regulate such large-scale stores, taking into (3)_____ small and medium-sized retail stores which suffered seriously from emergence of large-scale stores. It set the strict regulation as regard to the total store floor area, (4)_____the standard to 500 square meters from 1,500 square meters which had been set by the Department Store Law.
However, (5)_____ was discussed again and again whether or not to abolish the Large-scale Retail Store Law. Especially, the U.S. pointed out that the law was a non-tariff barrier. As a result, the Japanese government (6)_____ the standard in 1992 by the law amendment.
(1)
A. introduced
B. was introduced
C. has introduced
D. used to introduce

(2)
A. if
B. while
C. though
D. which

(3)
A. account
B. accounts
C. accounting
D. accountant

(4)
A. lower
B. lowered
C. has lowered
D. lowering

(5)
A. this
B. that
C. it
D. what

(6)
A. reminded
B. relaxed
C. recruited
D. reported

The revised Large-Scale Retail Stores Law, which was enforced in 1992, (7)_____ it easier to open large-scale stores, leading to more shopping centers in suburbs (8)_____ land values are inexpensive. Since then, those malls came to (9)_____ leisure facilities and public facilities. Leisure facilities here refer to amenities which satisfy people’s desire for leisure, such as recreational facilities, cultural facilities, and gyms. Leisure facilities and public facilities had been attractions in city centers before. They had drawn visitors to city centers and retailers had located stores there (10)____ those visitors. However, in order for the attractions to meet the growing demands, suburbs were very appealing since lands were more spacious and its values were (11)_____. Thus, more and more attractions moved into shopping centers located in suburbs as a part of tenant mix. Customers preferred shopping complexes in suburbs which house attractions, so that retail stores left in city centers were in sever situations.
So-called three laws of community building is a generic (12)_____ for three laws, that is, the Large-Scale Retail Stores Location Law enacted in June 2000 when the Large-Scale Retail Stores Law was repealed, the Central City Invigoration Law enacted in 1998, and the revised City Planning Law. They were introduced to (13)_____ city centers by focusing public investment on city centers and thereby promoting private investment.
(7)
A. made
B. had
C. took
D. let

(8)
A. which
B. what
C. whose
D. that

(9)
A. home
B. house
C. room
D. door

(10)
A. targeted
B. targeting
C. were targeted
D. had targeted

(11)
A. as expensive
B. more expensive
C. less expensive
D. most expensive

(12)
A. site
B. mode
C. port
D. term

(13)
A. forecast
B. revitalize
C. testify
D. eliminate

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