英語②多文化共生とSNS

Multicultural coexistence (1)_____ people who have different nationalities and ethnicities respecting each other’s cultural differences, building equal relationships, and living as a member of the community. (2)_____ matters here is that we should overcome ethnocentrism. The term means that one may judge others’ cultures and experiences (3)_____ his or her own culture and experience without knowing it. Even people who have the same nationality and ethnicity sometimes criticize each other, saying that what others are enthusiastic about, such as a leisure activity and hobby, (4)_____ meaningless and waste of time. This way of thinking we must overcome when we communicate with people from different nations and ethnic backgrounds.
(1)
A. had been defining as
B. can be defined as
C. has defined as
D. will have defined as

(2)
A. How
B. That
C. Reason
D. What

(3)
A. based on
B. are based on
C. basing on
D. to base on

(4)
A. is
B. being
C. to be
D. having been

In reality, however, people tend (5)_____ foreigners to assimilate into the community as if to say “When in Rome, do as the Romans do.” Countries also implement assimilation policies in the name of nationalism. There are (6)_____ many cases of this nature to count. At this moment, although people with different nationalities and ethnicities live together, foreigners are (7)_____ pressure to assimilate. It can hardly be said to be a multicultural society as described in the previous paragraph.
(5)
A. requiring
B. requirement
C. to require
D. required

(6)
A. too
B. as
C. so
D. still

(7)
A. against
B. over
C. under
D. on

When considering the (8)_____ of social media, their characteristic cannot be ignored that in social media, unlike in real life, one can avoid communicating with anyone who he or she does not like. Of course, social media have promoted intercultural communication (9)_____ they have facilitated communication with people who live far apart, but we have to see the real situation. In twitter, for example, there are groups of people who share the same kind of interest, and in those groups there are closer mutual relationships between followers and following. When building those relationships, one (10)_____ what is written in user profiles such as their personalities and interests, and their old posts. Those characteristics of social media (11)_____ by Twitter seem to strengthen ethnocentrism. This is one of the adverse effects brought about by popularization of social media where one can interact only with those who share the same interest.
(8)
A. trial and error
B. pros and cons
C. back and forth
D. means and end

(9)
A. because of
B. in that
C. prior to
D. according to

(10)
A. refers to
B. is referred to
C. has referred
D. is referring

(11)
A. are represented
B. will represent
C. to represent
D. represented

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